Rome draws its origins from the legend of Romulus and Remus, sons of Rea Silva descendant of the Trojan Aeneas, and the mythological God Mars.
The twins, thrown into the waters of the Tiber by his uncle, the Amulio Emperator, got stuck at the foot of the Palatine and taken safely by a wolf who breastfeed them and then grew adopted by the pastor Faustolo.
The young Romulus, on the tops of the hill, killed the brother on 21 April 753 BC. The same day he founded his city, consisting in a tribe of individuals predominantly male and populated only after the "rape of the Sabine". He was the first of seven kings.
The story places the birth of Rome on the Palatine hill around all'VIII sec. BC and confirms its rapid merger with the people of Sabini, inhabitants of the nearby Quirinale.

 People, dedicated to agriculture and pastoralism, built their huts of reeds and clay, typical of the age of iron, in the area of the seven hills that as early as 616 BC with the advent of the first Etruscan king Tarquinio Prisco, formed a single "organized" urban complex.

The acquisition of public spaces of the Forum and the Circus Maximus, the highest Cloaca, the walls made by Servius Tullius, are important examples of the advanced civilization exerted by the Etruscans, whose race ended with the expulsion of ' Tarquinio the last king Superb and whose legacy of an institutional nature, such as the "Senate" el ' "Army", were the basis of the republic.